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Art therapy/ Psychotherapy 藝術治療/藝術心理治療

何謂藝術治療?

藝術治療是一種獨特的心理治療。在藝術治療師的協助下,使用者可以在安全,非批判性及保密的環境下,以藝術創作為媒介去探究自我內心的感受。透過接觸美術材料及創作圖像的過程,及與治療師建立的關係,使用者的情緒、人際關係及個人成長的各種需要得到關注及反映,從而達致持久性的改變。

藝術治療的主要作用是透過接觸藝術材料及與治療師的關係對個人成長層面起正面而有效的作用。藝術治療並不依賴言語溝通,因此能協助有語言障礙,以及不喜歡用語言作溝通媒介的人用藝術去表達個人想法及感受。

藝術治療師會協助使用者尋找自我的方法去使用不同的藝術材料,因此使用者無須具任何藝術創作經驗。藝術治療並不需要分辨圖像的好與壞,所有隨性的塗鴉及零碎筆劃均視作為圖像。透過深入探索及清晰闡明,把隱藏在潛意識裡面的東西呈現出來,並了解其中的意義。
 
藝術治療與一般心理治療一樣, 內容絕對保密, 而且藝術作品也同樣地絕對保密. 除非治療師認為個案或其他人會有危險, 則會在個案認同下向有關人員提供資料.


 What is art therapy/psychotherapy?

 

Art therapy is a form of psychotherapy which offers an opportunity to use a variety of art materials within a safe, containable and non-judgmental environment with the support of a qualified art psychotherapist to make sense of what is happening in your life.

 

The overall aim of art therapy is to effect change and growth on a personal level through the use of art materials and the relationship between you and the therapist. Art therapy is not dependent on spoken language and can therefore be helpful to anyone who finds it difficult to express their thoughts and feelings verbally.

 

The art therapist can help you find your own way of using the art materials, so you don’t need to have previous experience or skill in art. The images you produce are only be used to help you and the therapist reflect on thoughts and feelings. The process can help access emotions and conflicts which may be suppressed.
 
Art psychotherapy is similar with talking therapy which is highly confidential. The artwork made in therapy is stored safely and is not shown to anyone else without your consent. Unless the therapist has serious concerns about risk to yourself or someone else. When informatoin is shared with other members of the team/family the therapist will always try to get your consent first.
資料來源:
英國藝術治療協會   The British Association of Art Therapists  www.baat.org            

香港藝術治療師協會 Hong Kong Association of Art Therapists http://www.hkaat.com